Homewood is a predominantly African-American neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in the United States. According to the 2000 Census, the demographics of the neighborhood are 98.3% African American, 0.6% White, 0.3% Asian and 0.8% from 2 or more races.
Why does this matter? It matters because the Pittsburgh region has the highest rate of poverty among working-age African-Americans of any of the 40 largest metropolitan regions in the country. Black residents of Greater Pittsburgh face more severe poverty than any other racial group in the area, they live largely in segregated communities where they are disadvantaged by poor transportation and waning public safety. The median black household income is $20,000 which is $10,000 less than the average income for white households.
Furthermore, black students in public schools are not as proficient as their white counterparts, and black males have unemployment rates that are two to three times higher than their white counterparts and when they are working, nearly 60 percent are employed in low-paying service or sales positions.
The Pittsburgh region is No. 1 in the country in the rate of poverty among African-American children under age 5. Nearly two-thirds (62 percent) of these youngsters lived in poverty here in 2008, more than double the percentage in regions as diverse as Atlanta and Boston, and quadruple the poverty rate for white children under age 5 in the Pittsburgh region (14.6 percent).
- Census: Pittsburgh, 2010
- “Poverty worst here for black residents” by Ervin Dyer, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
“Regional Insights: High black poverty a shame” by Harold D. Miller, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette